Times New Roman font. Include a page header also known as the " running head " at the top of every page. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation. Your essay should include four major sections: The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name , and the institutional affiliation.
Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. After consulting with publication specialists at the APA, OWL staff learned that the APA 6th edition, first printing sample papers have incorrect examples of running heads on pages after the title page. This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page.
APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Beneath the title, type the author's name: Do not use titles Dr. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation , which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research.
Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions.
You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced.
Your abstract should be between and words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. The page template for the new OWL site does not include contributors' names or the page's last edited date. However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chart , still include this information.
Purdue Online Writing Lab. Contributors' names Last edited date. The following guideline will help you to create finished paper that not only reads like it was professionally written — but also looks like it!
A title page is not essential for a research paper unless specifically requested by your teacher. The MLA Handbook provides a general guideline on writing a research paper and documenting sources. In case of conflict, you should always follow guidelines set down by your teacher. If your teacher prefers the first page of your essay not be numbered, you will begin numbering with page 2.
Double-space after the date. On a new line, center the title of your essay. If you have a long title, double-space between lines of the title. Jones 1 Tracy Jones Ms. Pros and Cons Do not type your title all in capital letters. Do not put quotations marks before and after the title.
Do not underline the title, or put a period at the end of the title. Proper names of people and places as well as important words should be capitalized in the title, but prepositions and conjunctions are normally shown in lower case letters, e. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. The same rule applies to headings and subheadings as well. Follow the same capitalization rules for acronyms as you normally would in writing a text of the essay, e.
When using an acronym, especially an uncommon one, you must indicate what the letters stand for at the first occurrence in your essay. If a Title Page is a requirement for your assignment, begin on a new page. Use a format preferred by your teacher. Otherwise, center each line and double-space every line on a blank page: Your separate title page should appear as follows: More is not better.
Minimal information providing simple identification is adequate. The MLA Handbook recommends that you type your last name just before the page number in case the pages get misplaced On page 4 of your essay, for example, your top right-hand corner should show: Page numbers must be written in Arabic numerals.
Do not add anything fancy to decorate a page number. Electronic submission of documents is becoming more common as e-mail is being used widely. This system will facilitate the citation of sources by identifying a specific paragraph for reference very quickly. In general, leave one space between words and one space after every comma, semi-colon, or colon.
Traditionally, two spaces are required at the end of every sentence whether the sentence ends with a period, a question mark, or an exclamation mark.
Although it is not wrong to leave two spaces after a period, it is quite acceptable nowadays to leave only one space after each punctuation mark. However, NO space should be left in front of a punctuation mark; for example, the following would be incorrect: For details on how to place tables, illustrations, figures, musical notations, labels, captions, etc.
Use the width of your thumb as a rough guide. Your instructor may give you a choice to indent or not to indent your paragraphs. No matter whichever one you choose to use, you must be consistent throughout your essay. If you are NOT indenting, you will start each paragraph flush to the left margin. It is essential that you double-space between lines and quadruple-space between paragraphs.
When paragraphs are not indented, it is difficult for a reader to see where a new paragraph begins, hence quadruple-space is called for between paragraphs. Do not right justify your entire essay and do not automatically format hyphens if you are using a word processor to type your essay. Left justify or justify your essay and type in the hyphens yourself where needed. Left justification is preferred as it will not leave big gaps between words.
When used within the text of your paper, titles of all full-length works such as novels, plays, or books, should be underlined, e. Put in quotation marks titles of shorter works, such as newspaper, journal, and magazine articles, chapters of books or essays, e. Western Helps Make a Difference in India. Look it up in a dictionary whenever you are not sure whether a word is being used as a preposition, a conjunction, a noun, a verb, or an adverb.
For complicated details on how to cite titles and quotations within titles, sacred texts, shortened titles, exceptions to the rule, etc.
APA Sample Paper. Media File: APA Sample Paper. Research Papers. Writing a Research Paper; Genre and the Research Paper; Choosing a Topic; Identifying Audiences; Organization and Structure; Graduate Writing Workshops: Introductions; Graduate Writing Workshops: Literature Reviews;.
APA recommends you to use 12 pt Times New Roman as your font, since it is well readable. Nevertheless, make sure to check the guidelines for paper submission every journal has in order to prepare and structure your research work according to their wishes.
For many students, writing the introduction is the first part of the process, setting down the direction of the paper and laying out exactly what the research paper is trying to achieve. For others, the introduction is the last thing written, acting as a . An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class. As you review their paper.
your paper, your name, as well as the college name. Running head: SHORT TITLE 1 Full Version of Your Paper’s Title Your Name John Jay College of Criminal Justice APA . APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines. If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well.