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❶Primary research is done with a lot of hard work and dedication.

Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Literature

What is Secondary Research?
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Primary Sources of Law

While these are useful to check what other experts in the field have to say, they are not evidence. It is one step removed from the original or primary source. Because secondary sources are published works, they will list their sources of information which can be used to located additional information for your research. Use secondary sources to see what others have discussed. They can be a good place to gather background information on a topic.

You can also use secondary sources to explore what subtopics have already been explored on a given topic. Textbooks, monographs books , encyclopedias, analysis, review articles, dissertations, thesis,. Literary critiques such as an article that examines Cervantes' writing style ; paper discussing motifs in The Metamorphosis. Lecture given about Michelangelo's techniques ; Criticism or review of Picasso's painting.

News commentaries; Article analyzing results of mental illness study; book that discusses population trends over time; evaluations of social and government policy, law and legislation. Review articles that evaluates the theories and works of others; article on the environmental impact of pollution.

Tertiary Sources are distillations and collections of primary and secondary sources. The information is compiled and digested into factual representation, so that it does not obviously reflect points of view, critiques or persuasions.

Tertiary sources are typically the last to be published in the information cycle. Because it has been filtered through many reviewers, it tends to consist of highly reliable and accurate information, plus contain broad perspectives of topics.

Use tertiary sources for a general overview of your topic and for background information for your research. Encyclopedias, directories, dictionaries, handbooks, guides, classification, chronology, and other fact books. You might find that resources provided by your library can be really helpful, and you can access many of these resources online through your library's website.

Don't forget that our librarians are excellent resources! Search this Guide Search. Primary, Secondary, Tertiary Sources This guide outlines the differences between primary, secondary and tertiary sources of information. Many law libraries and institutions provide free access to legal information on the web, either individually or via collective action , such as with the Free Access to Law Movement. A number of books are available for those wishing to undertake legal research in the UK context.

Although many jurisdictions publish laws online, [6] case law is often accessed through specialty online databases. Commercial services for legal research include both primary and secondary sources. Commercial services can be country-specific, international or comparative. Legal research is known to take much time and effort, and access to online legal research databases such as LexisNexis and Westlaw can be costly.

Consequently, with due consideration given to ethical concerns, law firms and other practitioners may turn to third-party legal research providers to outsource their legal research needs. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Searching secondary authority for example, law reviews , legal dictionaries , legal treatises , and legal encyclopedias such as American Jurisprudence and Corpus Juris Secundum , for background information about a legal topic.

Searching non-legal sources for investigative or supporting information. Fundamentals of Legal Research 10 ed. Retrieved 25 February Using a law library: A student's guide to legal research skills. Butterworths legal research guide 2nd ed. How to use a law library:

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