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❶An Essay on Transcendentalism.

Mark Twain

Sample Essay Outlines
According to Tom Sawyer, why must Jim's escape be so elaborate?

He embodies all the qualities — loyalty, faith, love, compassion, strength, wisdom — of the dynamic hero, and his willingness to sacrifice his freedom and his life for two young boys establishes him as a classic benevolent character.

But if the two characters are the chief agents of good, the loathsome Pap Finn is the novel's most pitiful and despicable character in terms of exemplifying the characteristics of a depraved, squalid world. When Pap reappears, with hair that is "long and tangled and greasy" and rags for clothes, it is a reminder of the poverty of Huck's initial existence and a realistic representation of the ignorance and cruelty that dominated the institution of slavery and prejudice in America.

Pap is suspect of both religion and education and feels threatened by or resents Huck's ability to read and exist in the world of Miss Watson and the Widow Douglas. Except for brief passages, however, readers are not privy to all of Pap's history and his rage at a world that he thinks has mistreated him. In a revealing sequence, Pap displays all of the con man's tactics when he tries to acquire Huck's reward money.

Pap convinces a new judge that he is a changed man, has "started in on a new life," and has given his life to God. It only takes a night for Pap to return to his previous ways, as he becomes "drunk as a fiddler" and ends up collapsed outside the judge's house with a broken arm and a bitter spirit.

The judge's observation that Pap might be reformed with the aid of a shotgun is a dark foreshadowing of what will follow. Along with Pap's obvious insecurity toward Huck, what readers receive is a frightening picture of what Huck could become if left to the parental guidance of Pap. Huck's vague, past home life is solidified by Pap's constant verbal threats, and Pap warns Huck that he will physically abuse him if he tries to "put on considerble many frills.

For Huck, the drunken rantings of Pap are neither astonishing nor cruel; they simply exist as a facet of his life, and Huck reports the threats with a tone of indifference and detachment. For Twain, morality is a larger part of his concept of truth than likeness to nature. Huckleberry Finn - Racism Debate There is a current debate that the description of Jim in the novel "Huckleberry Finn" is racist leading to some schools banning it from their libraries.

Jim is depicted as a slave in the south during a Censoring Huckleberry Finn Fellow staff, teachers and students, as we all know high school is a time to grow, find yourself and experience different personalities of different people. It is also meant to help you get ready for a world where dealing with different people and situations comes quickly. If you condone certain parts of this real world then you will not be prepared to face the Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is a novel that focuses upon the racial issue that Huck, a young twelve year old boy must come to terms with.

He concludes that he will follow his heart and mind and go to a higher truth. This higher truth for Huck is freedom. When the novel begins Huck believes that slavery is part of natural order in life.

As we go on we see that he fig Along with Ernest, many others believe that Huckleberry Finn is a great book, but is the novel subversive? Since this question is frequently asked, people have begun to look deeper into the question to see if this novel is acceptable for students in schools to read. One of the main reasons of the censorship concerning the book is the frequent use of the term nigger. Critics of the book consider this a deep depreciation of blacks.

With this term the individual free Jim is searching for freedom from slavery. Huck is searching for freedom from society. The link between the two is the symbol of freedom that is the river.

Jim is a runaway slave belonging to Miss Watson. He originally sets out alone; however, he me This can be seen in many ways and in many points throughout the novel. The setting of the Samuel? One example is the farm of the Grangerfords where Huck stays for a time during his travels. When Twain was a child, he spent some of h Compare and contrast the personalities of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn.

Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer are two friends with very different personalities, each bringing their own unique characteristics into this comical relationship. Tom and Huck are two adventurous souls but in very opposing ways.

It took place in the 's's when slaves were not outlawed yet. Huck Finn is the main character in this novel. In the beginning of the story he lived with a widow. She was a nice lady that took Huck in because Huck's father was a drunk and often in jail. He certainly deserves recognition for the number of times his books have been challenged or banned in the past years -- ever since Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published in and imme The debate is over whether or not the book is appropriate for students to read and learn about.

The question is now being presented and petitioned upon the Board of Education by a group of parents and students in the Francis Howell school di In an initiation narrative, the protagonist, who in this case was Huck Finn, goes through a rite of passage, a growing up process, which is multifaceted. In a moment of crisis, the protagonist is suddenly obliged to make the painful and alarming transition f When the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn begins, the main character, Huck Finn, possessed a large amount of money.

This causes his delinquent lifestyle to change drastically. Huck gets an education, and a home to live in with a caring elderly woman. One would think that Huck would be satisfied. He wasn't-he wanted his own lifestyle back.

Huck's drunkard father, who had previously left him, was al Throughout history society has gone through many drastic changes. In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn the society that Twain creates is much different than society of today in the year This novel deals with numerous of social issues such as slavery and humanity morals and values.

In public schools today, numerous controversial issues arise. Certain forms of literature seem to be offensive to some readers. Although it contains disputatious subjects, Huckleberry Finn should continue to be taught in public school systems. Critics have found the book, in their opinions, t The style and language used by Mark Twain is found as offensive to some, uplifting to others and yet bittersweet to me. All sides have strong arguments, ones that are educated and heartfelt.

That is what makes it so di Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer were alike in many ways but they were also very different. One way in which Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer are alike Freedom and Huckleberry Finn What is America all about? The land of the free and home of the brave. Although this infamous quote is true today, hundreds of years ago this quote was a lie.

Not only were some white men not free to do certain things, but all blacks were discriminated against greatly and most if not all were slaves. Not only is slavery an important issue in Mark Twain's nove The main character, Huckleberry Finn, spends a lot of time in the novel floating down the Mississippi River on a raft with a runaway slave named Jim.

Before he does so, however, Huck spends some time in the town of St Huckleberry Finn is a loveable timeless classic written by one of the great American authors, Mark Twain. Although the novel has similar characters and settings, the theme and moral dilemmas are much stronger than those we saw in Tom Sawyer. The Adventures of Huckleberry Fi He escapes from pap and sails down the Mississippi river where He meets a slave named Jim.

Huck promised Jim he is going to keep his secret about men coming to look for him Jim. They escape by going down the Mississippi river and decide to go down Ohio River.

Why does Huckleberry Finn reject civilization? Huck Finn rejects civilization because he has no reason for it. What has civilization done for him? It has only hurt him one way or another, time and time again.

Why should Huck Finn like civi In the book Huck Finn, Mark Twain not only writes about the adventures of a young boy, he depicts the struggle that people had to go through in that time period.

That is just one of the reasons why some people consider Mark Twain to be the greatest American author of all time. In Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain simply wrote about a boy and the river. In doings so Twain presents the reader with his personal view of mankind, whether he wants to or not: Persons attempting to find a motive in this narrative will be prosecuted; persons attempting to find a moral in it will be banished; persons attempting to find a plot will be shot.

Breaking the Language Barrier Mark Twain"s use of language and dialect in the book "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" helped him to bring about the overall feel that he conveyed throughout the book, allowing him to show Huck Finn"s attitudes and beliefs concerning the nature of education, slavery, and family values. When the story begins, Huck is seen as a young boy To teach or not to teach? This is the question that is presently on many administrators' minds about The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain.

For those who read the book without grasping the important concepts that Mark Twain gets across "in between the lines", many problems arise. A reader may come away with the impression that the novel is simply a negative view of the African-Am November 21, Grade Received: Some examples of superstition in the novel are Huck killing a spider which is bad luck, the hair-ball used to tell fortunes, and the rattle-sna As portrayed several times in the novel, Huck chooses to follow his innat His use of numerous literary devices throughout the novel are quite unique.

Examples of them would be, irony; "Here was a nigger, which I had as good as helped to run away, coming right out and saying that he would steal his children - children that belonged to someone that had done There are many examples from the book, that show this in the characters.

Most of the superstitions are very ridiculous, but some actually make a little sense. Huck seen a spider was crawling on his shoulder and he flipped it off and it landed in a lit candle. It shriveled up and died. The main character, Huckleberry Finn, spends much time in the novel floating down the Mississippi River on a raft with a runaway slave named Jim. Before he does so, however, Huck spends some time in the fictional I have found one thing I don't like, the language which is used is straight out of the 's.

An example of this can be found on every page in the book. Solitude is an important aspect of Transcendentalism, and Twain paints Huck as someone who is indeed by himself, at the deepest level. Transcendentalist doctrine includes a second feature — a supreme emphasis on emotion. Emotions are the innate ability to grasp beauty and truth. Twain shows Huck using emotional thinking over common logic in several instances during the novel.

Huck rationally should have turned Jim in to the authorities, but he does not. Jim represents a severe liability, a fugitive from the state, and Huck should feel no particular affinity to him at the start. But Huck relies on his emotion to guide him, opting to stay with Jim and even helping him attain freedom. Twain echoes Thoreau here, furthering his own message of pro- Transcendentalism. Huck logically should have taken the easy way out, but relying on his emotions, he makes a seemingly illogical choice.

Soon after, Huck describes his plan of action in an offhand manner: This use of wild and risky emotional thinking over logical advancement is unorthodox, but is a strong belief of Transcendentalists.

By incorporating it so heavily into his novel, Twain shows his true colors as a Transcendentalist. Huck struggles with traditional religion, never attending church and feeling that praying is not something he can do.

This hints at anti-Catholicism, another Transcendentalist principle. Twain includes this in his novel because he hopes readers will open themselves to this Transcendentalist concept, taking inspiration from Huck.

The third trait of Transcendentalism that Twain includes in Huck Finn is the importance of a connection with nature. At the time of writing, the Second Industrial Revolution was occurring in America, and Twain no doubt wanted to voice his concerns on preserving the environment. Twain takes great steps to include the purity of nature and its cleansing aspects in Huck Finn , making the Mississippi River a pivotal part of the narrative. Twain shows Huck to be attuned to nature in several scenes.

Huck also spends time meditating in the calming climate the river creates: Both Thoreau and Huck are trapped alone in nature with limited outside contact, in solitude and bettering themselves as individuals — true to key Transcendentalist beliefs. Living on the river is the quintessence of submerging oneself in nature, living with only the smallest of conveniences. Twain ties in themes of living life to the fullest, unhampered by society. Twain offers this way of life as plausible to the reader, advocating Transcendentalism through it all.

Mark Twain uses his celebrated novel Huck Finn to convey Transcendentalist philosophy, subtly at times, but always present. Twain stresses the inherent goodness of the individual by portraying Huck as someone who is pure on the river, shielded, but who is corrupted by society in the form of Tom and the king and the duke.

Finally, Twain heavily integrates nature — namely, the Mississippi River — into the novel to imply that a connection with environment is essential for livelihood. These beliefs — goodness of the individual, emotion, and nature — are those of the Transcendentalist ideology, and Twain, a Transcendentalist himself, puts these in Huck Finn for a reason. As the author of the Great American Novel — the best novel of all time, in the opinion of Ernest Hemingway — he delicately opens the huge reader base of the modern world to Transcendentalist beliefs.

Twain does this so well that the uneducated reader is unaware of it, and he ultimately succeeds in exposing the world to the doctrine. An Essay on Transcendentalism. Green Hills of Africa. Simon and Schuster, Some people try to justify this immoral action by claiming that they are using their lies for good, instead of evil. It is often hard to know at what point a lie becomes an irrevocable, cruel action as opposed to a convenient alternate explanation.

Growing up in the South in the midst of slavery, Huck feels forced to be dishonest about his identity many times in order to protect Jim, a runaway slave Huck has grown close to appositive. Although Huck deceives almost everyone in the novel, his lies had different results depending on the senario. To begin with, when Huck attempts to deceive a woman in St. Petersburg, albeit unsuccessfully, he gets the results he wants because the lie is vital to his agenda.

Huck needs to maintain a low-profile because society thinks he is dead. This information allows Huck to warn Jim about the townspeople and enables them to evade capture. Twain proves time and time again that sometimes lying is necessary to achieve honorable deeds such as breaking Jim out of bondage. By having Aunt Sally stop Huck from revealing the truth about his identity, Twain ensures that Huck can continue his lie and stay under the radar.

On the other hand, Huck intentionally deceives Jim for mere entertainment purposes and ends up with the negative effect of feeling guilty for hurting his new friend. At the start of the novel, before Huck intimately knows Jim, he allows Tom, his best friend, to play a trick on Jim. These letters lead Aunt Sally to invite over armed men who end up shooting Tom, seriously worrying Huck and indirectly getting Jim recaptured, as he flees the premises. During the course of the novel, Twain suggests that dishonesty is sometimes a key component in success when done for genuine reasons.

Petersburg and Aunt Sally, his lies help him achieve the objective he uses the lie for. On the contrary, when Huck cruelly tricks Jim and unwisely deceives Aunt Sally, he feels horrible and does not attain pleasure as he hopes. Lying may be necessary, but it exposes some ugly truths about human beings. Humans are far more likely to believe a lie if they play some role in it, exposing once again how expedient humans can sometimes be. His Masquerade and His Lessons for Lying. The Ultimate Coming-of-Age Novel.

And when they grow up, they pass through this stage known as adolescence.


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Both Huck and Jim can be viewed as the heroes of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. But if the two characters are the chief agents of good, the loathsome Pap Finn is the novel's most pitiful and despicable character in terms of exemplifying the characteristics of a depraved, squalid world.

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Huckleberry Finn is a classic coming of age story, and Mark Twain uses Huck’s familial adventures on land and his changing relationship with Jim on the raft to showcase the key feature of adolescence: learning through taking risks.

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D. Jim and Huck’s close relationship 1. On the raft, away from civilization, Jim and Huck are almost equals. V. Conclusion: The satire in this novel is a critical commentary on the hypocrisy in the . Feb 18,  · The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain’s novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a novel about a young boy’ s coming of age in the Missouri in the mid ‘s. It is the story of Huck’s struggle to win freedom for himself and Jim, a run away slave.

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The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain is a great example of a satire that Twain uses to mock different aspects of the society. The novel is filled with wild adventures encountered by the two main character, Huckleberry Finn, an unruly young boy, and Jim, a black runaway slave. Prejudice and Racism in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain, is an excellent example of racism in literature, because it uses language describing African Americans which goes beyond satire.